The recent agreements between the two Arab states (AEU and Bahrain) with Israel again became the political debated news in the Middle East. By paying attention to the conflict between Arabs –Israel, and their ongoing conflict along history, which made the issue more debatable leading the agreement with Israel to be seen as a political taboo. Therefore, in order to shed light on the aspects of these agreements, we arranged an interview with Dr. Ibrahim Sadiq Malazada, a lecturer of the Faculty of Arts - Sociology Department.
In the beginning of the interview, concerning these actions of Israel, Dr. Ibrahim said, “Israel could patiently break the three (No)s of the Arab walls, consisting of “no for peace, no for negotiation, no for admitting of Israel”, which were announced in the Khartoum summit in1967. As a result, Israel was able to smartly slide itself into the Arab countries.
Concerning the Israel’s ability in eliminating the opposition obstacles and the Arabs’ refusal, he stated “There might be two factors behind this. First, the loss of glory of the Palestinian political movement due to the following factors:
- When Yasser Arafat, the principal of Al-Fatih movement, supported the dictator of Baghdad after invading Kuwait, people from Kwait had a tough reaction towards the Palestinians. In addition to this, Kuwait stopped every type of cooperation to Al-Fatih movement and all Palestinians, the Kuwait branch of Al-Ekhwans Organization announced their liberation from Palestinian Al-Hamas and even from the AL-Ekhwans in Egypt. Thus, the Palestinian issue experienced a huge defeat.
- The Palestinian authority, which had the power over most of the area of Palestine from Eastern and Gaza sectors, couldn’t represent a good sample of political and management governing within a frame of a democratic process. Also, it couldn’t stop the corruption and administration chaos.
- In the first election in 2006, Hamas, through delivering a harsh and mobilized speech, could obtain most of the seats of the national council, but very soon the democratic process failed and they got into a civil-internal war, after a huge number of victims and injured people as well as an enormous economic loss, they divided the power and it has remained this way so far.
- Prior to being considered as a terrorist organization, Hamas, performed tens of failed activities, in which these activities used to serve Israel more than supporting Palestinian issue. In contrast, if they have ever killed an Israeli soldier or a civil Israeli person, in reaction, Israelis have killed tens of Hamas soldiers and civilians with their weapons most of the time. Therefore, the important question raised by the observers was, where would Hamas want to get through doing such failed activities?!
Another point, which Dr. Ibrahim Malazada, the lecturer in Sociology Department mentioned, is the defeat of Al-Sunni sect against Al-Shia sect led by Iran, and this includes three main factors:
- The occurrence of Iraqi Al-Shia.
After the Iraqi regime's defeat in the Iran war, which opposed the spread of the Islamic Revolution, the Islamic Republic was able to powerfully spread to Arab countries in the region, including Lebanon, Syria, Yemen and Bahrain, where an Al-Shia minority lives. After the collapse of the Iraqi Ba'athist regime, Iran, again, could impose his power over Iraq. Thus, the idea of the Al-Shia’s authority has firmly imposed itself on the events in the Middle East, which extends from Iran to Iraq, from there to Syria and Lebanon. In this regard, Lebanon's Hezbollah was able to impose its full power over Lebanon's institutions, producing a kind of confrontation speech against Israel, and the phrase "States against Peace" or "Sieging States" emerged, means the countries against peace or Israel's siege. Iran, with all its power, has been a great source of financial and moral support to Lebanon's Hezbollah up to the moment.
2-The failure of the Al-Ekhwans in Egypt.
After Iran's political growth in the region and the failure of the Egyptian Al-Ekhwans’ power in 2013, the Egyptian Al-Ekhwans were immediately put on the terror list by the gulf countries, expect for Qatar. Qatar and Turkey opened the door to welcome the Al-Ekhwans. These events led the collapse of Sunni sect to stand up against the Iranian side representative of Al-Shia. The relationship between Iran and Turkey experienced a major turning point. Because of this turning point, Qatar was put under the siege by the Gulf countries. However, due to the fear of operating a military attack by the Gulf countries to Qatar, Turkey sent more than five thousand soldiers to Qatar, therefore, this front side was completely collapsed due to the support of Turkey for Al-Ekhwan Al-Muslims organization and Qatar, respectively.
The last point, which Dr. Malazada made, was the invasion of Al-Huthy over Yemen’s capital. He believes, after the 2015 Al-Huthy, Al-Shia organization, was able to take down Abd Rabu Mansoor from power and take over Yemen's capital, the gulf countries were put into danger and Iran arrived near to Saudi Arabia's borders. This event was very devastating for Saudi Arabia, so they formed an Arab coalition against Al-Huthy and Iran, named “The Arab Coalition”, even the Yemenis led by the former president have participated in this coalition, but the war is still going on.
Dr. Malazada finally concluded: "through these events, the Sunni sect collapsed and fear of balance in the area rose to its peak. Although Iran is under the siege by the United States, but Iran's power in Lebanon, Syria and Iraq, on the one hand, and the friendship between Iran, Turkey and Russia, on the other hand, has led the Gulf countries to critically think about the future of the region. It's true that these countries are the areas of USA's authority, but on the one hand, the same USA wants to start the process of peace between Arabs and Israel, and on the other hand, the power of USA is withdrawing in the area.
Profile: Dr. Ibrahim Sadiq Malazada, PhD holder in sociology and specialist in Genocide in Iraq. Writer, researcher and lecturer at Soran University in sociology department. Also a guest researcher at (Center for Trust, Peace and Social Relations – CTPSR), in university of Coventry. Fellow at the Norbert Elias Foundation, in Amsterdam . A member of the board of (JMER) magazine, which is published in English language, the member of the advisory board in International Panel on Exiting Violence (IPEV) in Paris up to 2019. And recently in addition to working with (CTPSR), he is working on a number of local and regional projects.